Lower back pain is a common problem. Lower back pain can be classified by non-specific and specific back pain. Non-specific pain means back pain without a clear cause. This could result from irritation or problems with muscles, ligaments, other soft tissues, joints, discs, and tendons. The severity of pain can vary from mild to severe. Sometimes pain may be referred to buttocks and legs. Pain may be acute or chronic. Physiotherapy can help with non-specific back pain by mobilisation of joints, soft tissue massage, mobilisation of neural tissues in combination with problem specific exercises.
Specific back pain is pain caused by problems such as a bulging disc, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis. Infections and cancer could also be included in this category. For specific back pain, early diagnosis and management is necessary. Physiotherapists can use their knowledge and skill to help manage the condition.